The song of Deborah

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The song of Deborah
Bible Stories

" וַתָּשַׁר דְּבוֹרָה, וּבָרָק בֶּן-אֲבִינֹעַם, בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא, לֵאמֹר"

"Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying.." (Judges 5:1)


Deborah (Hebrew: דבורה) was a Hebrew heroine: prophetess, judge of Israel, warrior and the wife of Lapidoth. The Song of Deborah is actually a victory hymn, sung by Deborah and Barak (the commander of the army of Deborah), about the defeat of Canaanite adversaries by the tribes of Israel. The song can be found in the Book of Judges chapter 5.

Deborah singing

The song of Deborah is recognized as one of the oldest parts of the Bible, dating in the 12th century BC, based on its grammar and context. The song itself contains a number of challenging differences from the events described in Judges 4. The song mentions 6 participating tribes (Ephraim, Benjamin, Machir, Zebulun, Issachar, and Naphtali) as opposed to the 2 tribes in Judges 4:6 (Naphtali and Zebulun).

The song also describes Sisera's death in a different way.

Though it is not uncommon to read a victory hymn in the Old Testament, the Song of Deborah is truly unique. It is the first Biblical hymn that celebrates a military victory helped by two women: Deborah & Jael.


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