The Talmud (Hebrew:תלמוד) is a central text of mainstream Judaism.
The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah the first written compendium of Judaism's Oral Law, and the Gemara,a discussion of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings.
The terms Talmud and Gemara are often used incorrectly.
The Gemara is the basis for all codes of rabbinic law and is much quoted in other rabbinic literature. The whole Talmud is traditionally referred to as Shas, a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim, ("six orders") of the Mishnah.
In addition to the six orders, the Talmud contains a series of short treatises of a later date, at the end of Seder Nezikin.
There are two works of Talmud: The first one is called the Jerusalem Talmud (Talmud Yerushalmi). It was compiled in the fourth century in Israel. The second one is called the Babylonian Talmud. It was compiled in 500 C.E., although it continued to be edited later. The term Talmud usually refers to the Babylonian Talmud.
The Jerusalem Talmud, also known as the Palestinian Talmud, is a compilation of teachings of the schools of Tiberias, Sepphoris and Caesarea. It is written in a western Aramaic dialect that differs from its Babylonian counterpart.
The Talmud Bavli consists of documents compiled over the period of Late Antiquity. The Talmud Bavli comprises of the Mishnah and the Babylonian Gemara, the latter representing the culmination of more than 300 years of analysis of the Mishnah in the Babylonian Academies.