Independent Personal Pronouns

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Enjoy a taste of Biblical Hebrew by watching this set of FREE Biblical Hebrew lessons! If it’s made you hungry for more, then join one of our online Biblical Hebrew courses, taught by the very best teachers Israel has to offer.

 

In this lesson, we see the forms of all the independent personal pronouns: I, You…. (By “independent,” we mean that these pronouns stand apart as individual words, usually as the subject of a sentence.)
As always we look in the text. One example we see here is Genesis 4:4  that begins with  both Cain’s and Able’s offerings:
 
 וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵֽחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתֽוֹ׃
 
And Abel, for his part, brought the choicest of the firstlings of his flock. The LORD paid heed to Abel and his offering. 
 
We learn that Rashi, an important Jewish commentator from the 11th century, claimed that the reason for God’s reaction to the offerings of the two brothers is that it is not written that Cain brought the best of his produce. The text specifies, on the other hand, that Abel brought מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן, (and Abel brought the choicest of the firstlings of his flock.) and not simply (from his flock) מִצֹּאנוֹ. Because of Abel’s concern to offer the very best, God looked on his offering with favor.
Sigal Zohar - Biblical Hebrew teacher

Sigal Zohar, M.A.

A Hebrew language, Literature and Creative Writing teacher with 19 years of experience in these fields, Sigal has a master's degree in literature from Haifa University. Sigal holds a teacher's certificate for teaching Hebrew from the Ministry of...

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